Ron Chernow's biography, now in paperback, makes it clear: If Grant’s image doesn’t belong on Mount Rushmore, it should at least be acknowledged that if not for him, Lincoln’s might not be there.
After many thousands of Northerners died in a war aimed in part at freeing the slaves, white America lacked the will to follow through.
In 1861-65, Americans waged a war among themselves that remains the bloodiest in U.S. history. It began as a fight to preserve the Union but morphed into an abolitionist war to free 4 million men, women and children from bondage.
Demands for the outright end of slavery stayed on the fringe as the nation tumbled toward civil war.
President Polk, and generations of sympathetic historians, told the American people the conflict was justified. But what if it was just blatant imperialism?
President Trump’s pardon of Joe Arpaio was made possible by a previous president’s pardoning of ex-Confederates.
The roots of racism run deep in America. Trump's presidency has emboldened right-wingers and white supremacists to fight to preserve their legacy.