Deporting Dreamers Would Cost U.S. $460 Billion
This piece originally appeared on Juan Cole’s website.
Trump’s consiglieri, Jeff Sessions, came out Tuesday to smear the some 800,000 young people in the DACA program, undocumented people brought to the US when they were children, without their having decided as individuals to break any law. He implied that the deferment from deportation instituted by President Obama endangered Americans’ security. The allegation is a huge lie. Trump also keeps implying that Dreamers, as immigrants, are a drain on the US economy.
Immigrants cause economic growth. I follow developments in the Middle East, and Turkey took in over 2 million Syrian refugees. Economists estimate that as a result, its economy has been growing 4 percent a year, despite a lot of political upheaval. That rate of growth is directly attributable to Turkish businesses, including farms, having access to more workers, and Syrian refugees creating companies and investing in Turkey.
In contrast, a country like Japan that rejects immigration, is in danger of shrinking demographically, economically and geopolitically.
1. Dreamers are 14 percent less likely to be incarcerated than the general population, and Dreamer women are twice as likely to stay out of jail as a native-born American.
2. Dreamers are from unusually educated families and are themselves disproportionately well-educated. Roberto G. Gonzales at Harvard found that 36 percent report having at least one parent with a bachelor’s degree. [Roberto G. Gonzales, Veronica Terriquez, Stephen P. Ruszczyk, "Becoming DACAmented Assessing the Short-Term Benefits of Deferred Action for Childhood Arrivals (DACA),” American Behavioral Scientist 2014]
Of Gonzales’s sample,
22 percent have a Bachelor’s degree
27 percent have attended a 4 year college but have not graduated
32 percent have attended community college
20 percent have not attended college.
3. Given that this group is young, many of those who have not attended college may be in high school, and many who do not have a BA may still be in college.
Some 27 percent of Americans have a BA, so Dreamers are educated proportionally in comparison with the general population.
4. 91 percent of Dreamers are employed.
5. Deporting the Dreamers would therefore cost the US some $460 billion over the next ten years.
6. Not all Dreamers are originally from Mexico, though they predominate. In 2016, around 3,000 were from Poland, over 5,000 from India, 15,000 from South Korea, 8,000 from the Philippines, and nearly 6,000 from Jamaica.