Although he may have shown a softer side to those who knew him, the Northern Irish politician did more to fan the flames of sectarianism than any other figure.
The flames of conflict may be out, but parts of the country continue to glow as a legacy of violence remains with survivors of a sectarian dispute that lasted almost three decades and killed about 3,600 people.
The largest Lutheran organization in the U.S., the Evangelical Lutheran Church in America, voted Friday to bring gay and lesbian clergy members into its fold -- provided they are in committed relationships -- signaling another seismic shift in the American Protestant scene this year.
The heads of Northern Ireland's main Protestant and Catholic political parties have joined together in an historic power-sharing government. Ian Paisley, leader of an anti-Catholic church, and Martin McGuinness, formerly of the IRA, will lead the new government. Both men have spent time in prison for their extremist roles in the conflict.