After many thousands of Northerners died in a war aimed in part at freeing the slaves, white America lacked the will to follow through.
In 1861-65, Americans waged a war among themselves that remains the bloodiest in U.S. history. It began as a fight to preserve the Union but morphed into an abolitionist war to free 4 million men, women and children from bondage.
The roots of racism run deep in America. Trump's presidency has emboldened right-wingers and white supremacists to fight to preserve their legacy.
The icon of the Confederacy and architect of its defeat cost humanity uncounted lives—right up to now.