The U.S., the U.K. and France launched the attack even though they had no solid evidence that the Assad regime had used chemical warfare. The allies' action was little more than a propaganda exercise.
The latest military action has chilling similarities to the war of aggression launched against Iraq in 2003 under false pretenses.
But Syrian allies Russia and Iran call the use of force by Western allies a "military crime" and "act of aggression" with the potential to worsen a humanitarian crisis.
While alleged 2016 election interference grabs headlines, the bigger test may be whether the Donald Trump-Vladimir Putin accord made at the G-20 summit holds.