Fourteen people are injured and six are arrested ahead of the anniversary of the Catalan region's secession referendum.
Hours after Pedro Sanchez takes the oath of office, one of the most critical issues facing his fragile government is pressed upon him: ending the Catalonia secession crisis.
The Catalan secession movement in the wealthy region has plunged Spain into its deepest institutional crisis in decades.
The government says it acted because of the WikiLeaks founder's social media posts decrying the arrest of a Catalan separatist politician.
Five politicians from Catalonia are jailed; warrants target Catalan leader Carles Puigdemont and other lawmakers who seek secession from Spain.
“If I have to choose between being an inmate or a president, I’d rather be a president, even from afar,” Carles Puigdemont says.
In Brussels facing extradition to Spain on charges of rebellion and sedition, the ousted Catalonian president sees a disconnect between the people and "European elites."
For the Spanish region, the struggle for independence is far from over, but many see the vote as an important step in the face of violent opposition.
Together the nationalist coalition Junts pel Sí and the Popular Unity Candidacy party in Spain won the absolute majority of parliamentary seats in Sunday's regional election in Catalonia.