Even some of the most outward-looking U.S. presidents presided over the erection of a deadly run of barriers separating the U.S. from Mexico.
For Native Americans, the white man's tale of noble settlement of an empty frontier in the second half of the 19th century masked a genocide.
In 1861-65, Americans waged a war among themselves that remains the bloodiest in U.S. history. It began as a fight to preserve the Union but morphed into an abolitionist war to free 4 million men, women and children from bondage.
On the heels of the War of 1812, society began to drastically change due to government action and technological innovation. As some Americans prospered, many were left to wither.
During times of war and unrest, American authorities have cited various reasons and laws to take children away from their parents.
Why did the Federalist and Republican factions each view its opponents as existential threats to the new nation during the Adams administration?
In establishing a centralized government, American elites struggled to find a balance between a top-down system and a system of the people. The arguments that raged in the late 18th century linger with us today.