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Juan Cole

Iraq’s First Post-American Elections by the Numbers

    An Iraqi woman shows off her ink-stained finger after voting in her country's 2005 parliamentary elections. James Gordon (CC BY-NC 2.0)
Juan Cole
Contributor
Juan Cole is the Richard P. Mitchell Collegiate Professor of History at the University of Michigan and the proprietor of the Informed Comment e-zine. He has written extensively on modern Islamic movements in…
Juan Cole


This post originally ran on Juan Cole’s Web page.

Iraqis went to the polls on Wednesday in the first national parliamentary elections since US troops pulled out of the country completely (in late 2011). The results won’t be in for a while, but here are some early statistics:

1. Preliminary estimate of turnout: 60%

2. Number of people who died in attacks on polling stations: 14

3. Number of polling stations: 8,075

4. Number of polling booths: 48,852

5. Number of seats for which candidates are running: 328

6. Size of electorate: roughly 20 million

7. Population of Iraq: 31 million

8. Number of candidates running: 9039

9. Percentage of seats set aside for women: 25%

10. Number of women candidates for these 82 seats: 2,607

11. Active frontline personnel in security forces: 271,000

12. Number of people killed in attacks on voting booths during early voting by members of the armed forces in previous two days: 80

13. Number of top politicians claiming their party won, as of 3 hours after the closing of the vote: 2 (Nouri al-Maliki of the Da`wa-led State of Law coalition and Ammar al-Hakim of the Islamic Supreme Council of Iraq, both Shiite religious parties)

14. Number of registered international observers: 1249

15. Number of registered Iraqi observers: 37,509

16. Number of registered foreign journalists covering the election: 278

17. Number of registered local journalists covering the elections: 1915

18. Iraqi petroleum production daily: roughly 3 million barrels/day

19. Saudi petroleum production daily: roughly 10 million barrels/ day

The numbers don’t support the idea that Iraq can’t hold these elections without US troops in country. The death toll in the 2010 election, which US soldiers provided security, was three times as large.

The numbers also don’t support the allegation that the high monthly death toll in political violence, about 800 a month, would make it impossible to have a proper election. (The death toll in Iraq is horrible, but it is smaller than that in Mexico in recent years).

Iraq is deeply divided among Shiite Arabs, Sunni Arabs and Kurdish Sunnis, and many Iraqis see the present prime minister, Nouri al-Maliki, as having developed dictatorial tendencies and having increasingly deployed paramilitary Shiite gangs to assert himself. Hence the belief that there is a surge in popularity for the Islamic Supreme Council of Iraq of Ammar al-Hakim.

A big question is how long it will take to form a new government (last time it was 9 months). A further big question is how well Iran will do out of the new parliamentary coalition and the prime minister (it cannot be ruled out that al-Maliki will remain, and he has grown closer to Iran).

The new government is faced with many challenges, including a Syrian war on its threshold and a Saudi-Iranian Cold War that threatens Iraqi security.
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Related video:

Euronews: “Polls close in Iraq following election-day violence ”

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