Although big banks in the United States paid $21 billion less in taxes last year thanks to the Republican Party’s push in late 2017 to lower rates for corporations and wealthy Americans, the nation’s top financial institutions used those savings to benefit shareholders rather than workers and customers—just as critics of the #GOPTaxScam had warned they would.

After reviewing financial results and commentary from the 23 banks the Federal Reserve designates as most vital to the U.S. economy, Bloomberg reported Wednesday:

On average, the banks saw their effective tax rates fall below 19 percent from the roughly 28 percent they paid in 2016. And while the breaks set off a gusher of payouts to shareholders, firms cut thousands of jobs and saw their lending growth slow…

While banks vowed to use a portion of their savings to reward employees, help needy communities, and support small businesses, the magnitude of their break and how the money was divvied is likely to fuel debate over whether the law was an effective way to stoke the economy. The 23 firms boosted dividends and stock buybacks 23 percent, and they eliminated almost 4,300 jobs. A few have signaled plans to cut thousands more.

Four of the nation’s six biggest banks—Bank of America, Citigroup, Goldman Sachs, and Morgan Stanley—”paid less taxes than they projected in 2018.” And while employees did receive some bonuses and raises, they were marginal compared with the banks’ windfalls.

Meanwhile, as the report detailed, “the biggest winners were shareholders. Tax savings contributed to a banner year for banks, with the six largest surpassing $120 billion in combined profits for the first time. Dividends and stock buybacks at the 23 lenders surged by an additional $28 billion from 2017—even more than their tax savings.”

The analysis spurred outcry from consumer and worker advocates as well as critics of the GOP tax overhaul—about which President Donald Trump infamously bragged, “corporations are literally going wild,” when he signed the bill into law in December of 2017.

“This is the GOP tax cut in action: screwing over working families and handing out tax breaks to large banks and corporations,” the group Patriotic Millionaires said in response to the Bloomberg report.

Freshman Democratic Rep. Katie Porter (Calif.)—often described as the protégé of Sen. Elizabeth Warren (D-Mass.), a longtime advocate for imposing stricter rules on the financial industry—also turned to Twitter to respond, calling the news “outrageous!”

“It’s time for an economy that prioritizes Main Street Americans, not Wall Street’s biggest banks,” declared the nonprofit Better Markets.

The report follows a New York Times op-ed, published Sunday, in which Sens. Bernie Sanders (I-Vt.) and Chuck Schumer (D-N.Y.) argued for limiting corporate stock buybacks because the practice doesn’t serve the vast majority of Americans.

As they explained, “large stockholders tend to be wealthier,” and “when corporations direct resources to buy back shares on this scale, they restrain their capacity to reinvest profits more meaningfully in the company in terms of R&D, equipment, higher wages, paid medical leave, retirement benefits and worker retraining.”

Noting that “this practice of corporate self-indulgence is not new, but it’s grown enormously” since the Trump tax cuts, they vowed to introduce “bold legislation” to “prohibit a corporation from buying back its own stock unless it invests in workers and communities first, including things like paying all workers at least $15 an hour, providing seven days of paid sick leave, and offering decent pensions and more reliable health benefits.”

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