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Dreaming With Dignity

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Posted on Oct 9, 2013
AP/Samantha Sais

A DREAMer wearing a graduation cap and gown to show his desire to finish school in the U.S. waits to be signaled through at the U.S. port of entry where he planned to request humanitarian parole.

By Sonali Kolhatkar

Thirty-four undocumented immigrants were detained at the Texas-Mexico border on Sept. 30. That fact by itself is unremarkable—thousands of immigrants are held in detention in the U.S. at any given time. What set this particular group of immigrants apart is that they showed up on the Mexico side of the border and openly proclaimed their desire to re-enter a country they consider home, without papers. By attempting to cross into the U.S. as part of a concerted campaign, they are forcing the U.S. immigration system to confront their humanity and create pathways for legalization.

This bold action, organized by the National Immigrant Youth Alliance (NIYA) under the banner of #BringThemHome, is the second chapter of a radical new way to draw attention to the struggles of undocumented immigrants—in particular young people who call themselves DREAM activists after the proposed DREAM Act. These youth were raised in the U.S. and most have graduated from high school or college, but now have few opportunities for a future because of their undocumented status.

The first chapter of NIYA’s challenge to the immigration system unfolded in August when nine young DREAMers presented themselves at Mexico’s border with Arizona. Three of them had voluntarily returned to Mexico; the rest were already there either from being deported or having gone to visit family members. The idea was that they would challenge border agents to deal with them under a spotlight rather than crossing the desert on foot.

Domenic Powell, a founding member of NIYA, explained to me in an interview, “We’ve noticed that when these things happen in the public eye, ICE [Immigration and Customs Enforcement] tends to move faster. They suddenly seem to find more humanitarian policies that they don’t seem to have access to on a regular basis.”

NIYA’s tactic has paid off. After the group got 43 members of Congress to sign letters to the Obama administration and gathered more than 27,000 signatures in an online petition, the DREAM 9, as they were dubbed, were all released after a little more than two weeks, on pending asylum requests.

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Lisbeth Mateo is one of three immigrants among the DREAM 9 who voluntarily left the U.S. Her decision to return to Mexico and cross back into the states in order to begin the legalization process took serious courage because she and the others risked something even worse than simply being turned back from the border: prolonged or indefinite imprisonment in privately run U.S. detention centers that are largely closed to public scrutiny.

Eloy Detention Center in Arizona, where the DREAM 9 were held for 17 days, is owned by the private for-profit company Corrections Corporation of America. Mateo told me that detained immigrants she encountered on the inside revealed that the facilities had been cleaned the day before the DREAM 9 were brought in, likely in anticipation of their publicized action. “The conditions in the detention center are far different from what we saw. Before we arrived, they fixed the toilets. They fixed the things that were broken in those cells,” she said. Detainees told Mateo, “We didn’t have clean drinking water—the water was almost brown, the beds were really uncomfortable, the toilets were broken, the sinks were broken.”

The fact that immigrants in detention are treated as subhuman should come as no surprise. It is in fact a reflection of an openly hostile attitude from some segments of the American public toward immigrants.

For example, when Republican Rep. Steve King of Iowa was asked about the DREAM Act, he acknowledged that some of those young immigrants were certainly valedictorians. But then he went on to say, “For every one who’s a valedictorian, there’s another 100 out there that—they weigh 130 pounds, and they’ve got calves the size of cantaloupes because they’re hauling 75 pounds of marijuana across the desert.”

But NIYA’s success with the DREAM 9 has undermined those stereotypes and led to the second attempt to challenge the border on Sept. 30. What started out as a group of 30 undocumented people eventually increased to 34, all of whom either voluntarily returned to their countries of origin or were deported. Claudia Munoz, a core member of NIYA, spoke with me via cellphone from the Port of Entry at Laredo, Texas, while she waited on the U.S. side of the border to greet the immigrants an hour before the action. She explained that this new group, like the DREAM 9, “will literally get to the back of the line and attempt to cross in legally.”

Hours after I spoke with Munoz, the immigrants were taken into custody and detained. This larger group included a 4-year-old U.S. citizen and her undocumented mother, who were the first to be released from detention. As of this writing, eight of the group have been released and the rest have had interviews to determine their eligibility for asylum requests.

Munoz explained that after the DREAM 9 action, NIYA was inundated with calls from people who were desperate to return to their homes in the U.S. after being deported, or wanted deported family members to be able to return home. She explained: “One of the many things that the DREAM 9 action highlighted was the urgency for our community to be reunited. Thirty-four people compared to the 1.8 million people who have been deported is not that high a number. They just want to come back home and be with their families.”


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