U.S. Colleges Get In on African Land Grabs
Posted on Jun 9, 2011
American universities are reportedly using endowment funds to buy and lease vast tracts of African farmland, often for piddling prices, in deals that will reward foreign investors handsomely while separating tens of thousands from their homes and farms and providing little or none of the economic benefits promised them, California researchers say. —ARK
In Tanzania, the memorandum of understanding between the local government and US-based farm development corporation AgriSol Energy, which is working with Iowa University, stipulates that the two main locations – Katumba and Mishamo – for their project are refugee settlements holding as many as 162,000 people that will have to be closed before the $700m project can start. The refugees have been farming this land for 40 years.
In Ethiopia, a process of “villagisation” by the government is moving tens of thousands of people from traditional lands into new centres while big land deals are being struck with international companies.
The largest land deal in South Sudan, where as much as 9% of the land is said by Norwegian analysts to have been bought in the last few years, was negotiated between a Texas-based firm, Nile Trading and Development and a local co-operative run by absent chiefs. The 49-year lease of 400,000 hectares of central Equatoria for around $25,000 (£15,000) allows the company to exploit all natural resources including oil and timber. The company, headed by former US Ambassador Howard Eugene Douglas, says it intends to apply for UN-backed carbon credits that could provide it with millions of pounds a year in revenues.
Flickr / ILRI
A woman tends to her corn and chickens on her subsistence farm in Chokwe, Mozambique.