Top Leaderboard, Site wide
Winner 2013 Webby Awards for Best Political Website
Top Banner, Site wide
Apr 24, 2014

 Choose a size
Text Size


They Are Watching You
Lapland’s Mystery Moths Puzzle Science




The Divide


Truthdig Bazaar
In Search of the Blues

In Search of the Blues

By Marybeth Hamilton

State of Wonder

State of Wonder

By Ann Patchett

more items

 
A/V Booth

Truthdig Radio: Helen Caldicott, Mr. Fish on Ice

Email this item Email    Print this item Print    Share this item... Share

Posted on Mar 31, 2011
Photo illustration from an image by Colin Grey

(Page 3)

Peter Scheer: You said one-third of the terror economy is generated by legitimate businesses. What sorts of businesses are those?

Loretta Napoleoni: Well, before 9/11, one of the most important businesses was actually the investment portfolios of individuals. We are talking about general financial investments, for example, of individuals, who are sponsors of terrorist activity. Now, we’re talking primarily of the so-called Islamic terrorism. So people that were funding Osama bin Laden, training camps, but also people that were funding the mujahedeen, or people that were funding individuals fighting in Bosnia. So that was the primary source of revenue. Now, today, the situation is very different because of course, you know, today we have a different type of terrorism. So we do not have an international network anymore in place, as was al-Qaida before 9/11. But we have sort of homegrown groups, which self-fund themselves, and the primary source of revenue for these groups is actually their salary, or money that they receive from friends. So the best example of this is the July 7 bombers in London, which raised the money entirely, entirely through their own salaries and contributions from friends.

Josh Scheer: And how do you track all this money? I mean, this is something that confounds reporters, police, FBI, everybody. How do you track all of this information?

Loretta Napoleoni: Well, it’s a lot of work done on this field. Unfortunately, it’s very hard to stitch it all together. So the way I track the money is basically by stitching different pieces together, and checking and double-checking that we’re not calculating the same money twice. But there is a lot of information out there. In fact, to a certain extent, there is too much information out there.

Advertisement

Square, Site wide
Peter Scheer: How has the—as this terror economy has changed over the years as you describe, how has it grown or shrunk?

Loretta Napoleoni: It has grown, actually. It has grown because the terrorist activity today is actually more spread, I would say, internationally. So before 9/11, you know, we actually had terrorist activities in Europe, for example, which was related to the IRA and ETA, but they were really at the very tail end of their life. The IRA was negotiating a cease-fire, and ETA was basically almost being defeated by the Spaniards. In the Middle East, of course, there was the problem with Palestine and Israel. But then you know, the rest of Asia, virtually there was no terrorism. And look at the picture today. I mean, you can see Iraq, you can see Afghanistan. So, I mean, there has been…Indonesia…so there has been, really, the birth of new areas where terrorists are particularly a stronger presence. Somalia, the Horn of Africa…even the business of the pirates. I mean, the piracy in the Gulf of Aden is very much related to terrorist activity, because you know, these armed organizations are in business with criminal organizations, and together they do joint ventures. So I would say that 9/11, and the response to 9/11, was what caused this booming industry of terrorism.

Peter Scheer: So do you have a definition for… parameters of how you describe terrorism?

Loretta Napoleoni: There is, unfortunately—and that’s a very, very good question—because unfortunately we do not have a definition which is accepted in the world; there are thousands and thousands of definitions of terrorism. The one I use is actually, it’s a crime with war aims. So you actually do commit a crime, which can be hard; you know, doing business with criminal activity, to fund terrorism, or just to commit a crime such as, for example, an attack that produces deaths among civilians, or even among the police or even soldiers, as is the case of Afghanistan. But the aim of this crime is not the traditional aim of criminal activity, which is, of course, making money. The aim is political. So the aim is, as in the case of a war, to change an existing regime or to fight an existing regime.

Josh Scheer: Loretta, this is Josh again. I want to talk about the Internet, because you talk about it like it’s a double-edged sword, and you call it a safe haven for rogue groups. And, one, let’s start with—what are rogue groups? So we can explain…and that’s from your book “Rogue Economics,” which is another one of your many books. And then what is, why is it such a safe haven?

Loretta Napoleoni: Well, the Internet is a safe haven because it’s not regulated. So…and also, it’s very…it’s impossible to regulate it. I mean, how do you patrol the Internet? I mean, how do you check…I know that the Chinese have done quite a lot of work in order to contain information on the Internet, but all this work, for example, has been done only in Chinese. So even at the height of the Google confrontation with the Chinese government, you could have gone on Google in English and found everything you wanted about Tiananmen or any of these other topics that the Chinese government actually doesn’t want you to know about. So I think that the Internet is a place where you can have rogue entrepreneurs moving freely and reaching people that, in the past, of course, they could not have reached. Now, I’m thinking pornography, pedophiles, all of this is a good example. But, you know, there are outside examples; for example, gambling. I mean, you can actually…an online gambling outlet can reach people everywhere. So in the U.S., for example, gambling is allowed only in certain states, but through the Internet you can gamble from your sitting room. So this is what I mean about being the ideal environment for these rogue entrepreneurs.

Peter Scheer: We’re speaking with Loretta Napoleoni, who is an economist and best-selling author who has calculated the size of the terror economy.

Josh Scheer: I want to jump in again, because we just talked about the size of the terror economy, and we haven’t talked about that yet. And you put the number at four trillion, right? And you’ve said we can’t afford this, so…right?

Loretta Napoleoni: Yeah. Yeah, at one point five trillion was the number. And no, yes, of course we can’t afford it. But you know, this is part of our economy. I mean, the truth is that these are moneys that move within our economy. Sometimes we do business with these individuals without knowing. People that buy drugs, for example; in reality, they’re not only doing business with the criminals; they’re also doing business with the terrorists. And the same thing is for counterfeit products; sometimes we buy something, you know, a fake handbag. And you don’t know that in the production of this fake handbag, or in the smuggling of this fake handbag, there are armed organizations involved. So you end up doing business with the terrorists. So that’s…this is what is, I think, scary about the globalized economy, is that you cannot really track the origins of most of the goods or services that you’re buying.

Peter Scheer: Speaking of unintended consequences, can you tell us how the Patriot Act and other reactions to terrorism have affected the black market economy?

Loretta Napoleoni: Yes. The Patriot Act, which was introduced in October of 2001, was a sort of anti-money-laundering legislation; I mean, I’m talking about the financial section of the Patriot Act. So what happened was that, all of a sudden, the money-laundering activities which before were taking place in the U.S. and in U.S. dollars, migrated to Europe. And that transformed the euro into the most popular currency used by criminal organizations and also terrorist organizations. Now, the consequences on the U.S. dollar I think is what is mostly interesting, and that also gives you an idea of the interdependency between our world and their world. So the U.S. dollar started falling, vis-à-vis the euro, right after the introduction of the Patriot Act. Now, this is because a massive amount of funds migrated from the U.S. to Europe, or to out of this nation. So one reason, of course, was the money laundering, anti-money-laundering legislation. Another reason was the fact that the Patriot Act allowed the U.S. authorities to monitor dollar transactions everywhere in the world. So a lot of legitimate businesses decided to switch from the dollar to the euro. Because really, nobody wants the U.S. monetary authorities to monitor all the transactions taking place. And the same thing is for international banks; the Patriot Act was very, very ill-received by international banks. Of course they don’t want the U.S. monetary authorities to see what they’re doing for their clients. So this produced a massive outflow from the dollar…which prompted the fall of the U.S. dollar. And the dollar, in reality, hasn’t recovered ever since.

Peter Scheer: So, speaking of this interrelatedness, how has the terror economy been affected by the global meltdown, and vice-versa?

Loretta Napoleoni: Well, really, the terror economy has not been affected by the global meltdown too…because things have changed. So if the global meltdown had taken place in 2001, yes, I think the terror economy would have suffered because a large section of this economy was represented by sponsors. And these sponsors, of course, had portfolios, and the portfolios were invested in the West. But if you see what’s happened after the Patriot Act, so after 9/11, a lot of money of Muslim investors—some of which, of course, were sponsors of Osama bin Laden and other groups—moved away from the U.S. We’re talking about an outflow of about $900 billion taking place in the six months following 9/11. And this money went, mostly, to Islamic banks or Islamic financial institutions in Malaysia, in Dubai. So they basically moved out of the international Western system, where we can monitor what’s happened, and they entered another system, which of course was greatly boosted by this massive outflow from the dollar and inflow into their currencies. So I would say that in 2008, when it took place, because it didn’t have any impact on the Islamic finance too…because of course, Islamic finance was not involved in the subprime bubble. Because they can’t invest in any business that has the interest rate, because the interest rate is considered to be prohibited. So it was totally shielded by the meltdown. So I would say that from this point of view, the impact was minimal. 


New and Improved Comments

If you have trouble leaving a comment, review this help page. Still having problems? Let us know. If you find yourself moderated, take a moment to review our comment policy.

By Voltaire, April 5, 2011 at 7:39 pm Link to this comment

@diedaily Sorry Dude but the links you sent say “page not found” would have
loved to read them but they’re not accessible.

Report this

By NadePaulKuciGravMcKi, April 5, 2011 at 5:54 pm Link to this comment
(Unregistered commenter)

Fukushima Internal Emitters
 
An ill wind comes arising
Across the cities of the plain
There’s no swimming in the heavy water
No singing in the acid rain
 
Absalom Absalom Absalom

Report this

By Voltaire, April 5, 2011 at 2:22 pm Link to this comment
(Unregistered commenter)

@diedaily I’m fine thank you. More worried about what’s coming out of Japan than
France right now!  As I said not a fan of nuclear energy at all but you’ve got to
admit that Caldicott’s insults are no way to get people in her corner! I still believe
it was unnecessary and gratuitously belligerent.  Can we agree on that?

Report this
DieDaily's avatar

By DieDaily, April 5, 2011 at 7:50 am Link to this comment

...continued from below:


The champagne produced from France’s illustrious
Champagne region may have some radioactive elements
in it.
http://www.associatedcontent.com/article/273411/nucle
ar_waste_sites_may_affect_french.html?cat=5; As many
as one-third of the utility’s reactors have been out
of service simultaneously this year.
http://www.businessweek.com/blogs/europeinsight/archi
ves/2009/12/french_nuclear.html; 8th nuclear Incident
Tricastin France, nuclear fuel building evacuated
http://www.nowpublic.com/world/8-th-nuclear-incident-
tricastin-france-nuclear-fuel-building-
evacuated#ixzz1Ie9T5Qud; French nuclear incident
highlights problems at Gravlines plant.
http://www.bellona.org/news/news_2009/french_incident
; Problems at French nuclear construction site for
company seeking Ont. contract
http://www.cbc.ca/news/canada/toronto/story/2008/04/0
3/ont-nuclear.html?ref=rss

Repeated incidents raise questions about French
nuclear safety http://www.liveleak.com/view?
i=ab3_1216650036&comment_order=newest_first; FRENCH
NUCLEAR REPROCESSING – FAILURE AT HOME, COUP d’ETAT
IN THE UNITED STATES
http://www.citizen.org/documents/Burnie paper on%
20French reprocessing.pdf; BEST OF ALL:
http://www.psr.org/nuclear-bailout/resources/nuclear-
power-in-france-setting.pdf (DUDE, PUH-LEEZ READ THIS
ONE!!!!)

Report this
DieDaily's avatar

By DieDaily, April 5, 2011 at 7:49 am Link to this comment

@Voltaire: hey buddy, you ok???

450-tonne shipment of depleted uranium from the port
of Le Havre http://ipsnews.net/news.asp?idnews=31466;
Concern over French nuclear leaks
http://news.bbc.co.uk/2/hi/7522712.stm; Will French
Leaks Harm Nuclear’s Revival?
http://www.businessweek.com/globalbiz/content/jul2008
/gb20080728_585698.htm; French Nuclear Watchdog Says
EDF Has Problems With Flamanville EPR Liner
http://www.bloomberg.com/news/2010-08-30/edf-has-
welding-problems-at-flamanville-epr-reactor-french-
watchdog-says.html; French “nuclear miracle” crowds
out renewables
http://www.windpowerengineering.com/policy/french-
“nuclear-miracle”-plagued-by-fast-
rising-costs-crowds-out-renewables/

Report this

By Voltaire, April 4, 2011 at 5:01 pm Link to this comment
(Unregistered commenter)

I’m no fan of nuclear plants but Ms. Caldicott almost made me one! First she is
factually wrong saying the French pour nuclear waste into the sea “as we speak”. It
is an utter lie. It’s the only nation that has invented and perfected a system of
recycling over and over again nuclear waste (and the U.S. has asked the French to
teach them and shipped some of the U.S. waste for recycling to France) and then
contains the little bit left by interment in massive, several layered-containment
“boxes”, further covered in cement. It is the most regulated industry in the world
and no “pouring into the sea” is remotely allowed.  Then she went on to insulting
the French, which was completely unnecessary, I pity her son in law the Count!
Calling us nuts, arrogant, ignorant, clinging to our food and agrarian economy will
not improve our relationship with people like her.  All it does is make me want to
put one of our Rafale planes up her rear end to teach her manners. Enough with
gratuitous insults.

Report this
DieDaily's avatar

By DieDaily, April 2, 2011 at 1:01 am Link to this comment

I was captivated by this broadcast. It was very high
quality and most thoughtful. I first saw Dr.
Caldicott in Edmonton, AB in the late 80s. Her
lecture was spot-on then as it is now. She argued
that Reagan was a demented psychopath (along medical
lines) and I was was well and fairly convinced.

Minor complaint: Caldicott’s segment was small. It’s
a bit cheesy to name only the headline band on your
gig poster. grin

But, all in all, a fantastic broadcast. I enjoyed all
of the other guests even if they were sneaked in a
bit surreptitiously. Keep it up. I understand you
guys have to make a living, so I’m going to go and
buy something from one of your advertisers now.
Please, please, everyone else do the same so that
these poor TruthDiggers can stop with the Waspington
Post articles. All of our nausea levels could be
greatly reduced by this. I personally pledge to buy
something from an affiliate every single time that a
week goes by during which no WP shill is allowed to
mangle your message. I understand that for now this
is a safe bet on my part. For survival purposes, I
guess one must occasionally consort with the Devil.

Report this

By prosefights, April 1, 2011 at 8:46 pm Link to this comment

Ms Caldicott may be a BS artist?

Report this

By gerard, April 1, 2011 at 7:48 pm Link to this comment

?
  ?
      ?
        ?
            z z z z z z z z .....

Report this

By gerard, April 1, 2011 at 7:45 pm Link to this comment

?
  ?
    ?
      ?
          ?
            zzzzzzzzzzzzzzzz ...

Report this
Peter Knopfler's avatar

By Peter Knopfler, April 1, 2011 at 5:38 pm Link to this comment

CORPORATIONS ARE KILLING HUMANITY GENERAL ELECTRIC ONE
SIDE EXXON, BP etc. ON THE OTHER SIDE
ALL FOUR CORNERS CORPORATIONS KILLING HUMANITY:
THIS LONG HOT SUMMER COMING WILL BE HISTORY Breaking!!!
IN THE STREET, more people in the street globally.

Report this
Night-Gaunt's avatar

By Night-Gaunt, April 1, 2011 at 4:05 pm Link to this comment

It would only happen if there was enough dedicated, billionaire supporters of our point-of-view to get them up and running an on air. Not on the computer but on the radio waves. Not in this universe any time soon.

Report this
Clash's avatar

By Clash, March 31, 2011 at 9:52 pm Link to this comment

Finally fish you have now got the right idea and are talking to the right person, but like always just 40 years to late.

Report this
MK Ultra's avatar

By MK Ultra, March 31, 2011 at 8:43 am Link to this comment

This is just so cool!  smile

We need more radio stations like this to compliment and continue the work of Amy Goodman and DemocracyNow!

Way to go Truthdig!

Report this
Newsletter

sign up to get updates


 
 
Right 1, Site wide - BlogAds Premium
 
Right 2, Site wide - Blogads
 
Join the Liberal Blog Advertising Network
 
 
 
Right Skyscraper, Site Wide
 
Join the Liberal Blog Advertising Network
 

A Progressive Journal of News and Opinion   Publisher, Zuade Kaufman   Editor, Robert Scheer
© 2014 Truthdig, LLC. All rights reserved.